These examples highlight the importance of applying a gender lens.
Throughout the world, women are under-represented in positions of power and influence, and over-represented in areas of disadvantage. Philanthropy can contribute to addressing this gap in a unique and effective way.
Despite the fact that men and women metabolise drugs differently, most medical trials are biased toward male subjects, and often do not disaggregate test results by sex. As gender bias in medicine can be a matter of life and death, the USA has required gender equity in medical trials since 1993, but there is no such requirement in Australia.
Even in Australia, women experience significant disadvantage in many areas of their lives. The closer a society is to achieving gender equity, the more prosperous, peaceful, healthy, educated and innovative it is.
As philanthropy aims to build stronger societies, the advancement of women is essential to achieving this goal.